Abbas, Q., Ratajczak, P., Babuchowska, P., Le Comte, A., Belanger, D., Brousse, T. & Beguin, F. (2015) Strategies to Improve the Performance of Carbon/Carbon Capacitors in Salt Aqueous Electrolytes. J. Electrochem. Soc. 162 A5148–A5157.
Added by: Laurent Cournède (2016-03-10 18:36:42)
|Type de référence: Article
Numéro d'identification (ISBN etc.): 0013-4651
Clé BibTeX: Abbas2015
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|Catégories: INTERNATIONAL, ST2E
Mots-clés: carbon surfaces, covalent modification, diazonium chemistry, Electrochemical capacitors, Electrodes, media, p-benzoquinone, Stability, stainless-steel, supercapacitors
Créateurs: Abbas, Babuchowska, Beguin, Belanger, Brousse, Le Comte, Ratajczak
Collection: J. Electrochem. Soc.
Consultations : 3/498
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Strategies are presented to enhance operating potential and cycle life of AC/AC capacitors using salt aqueous electrolytes. Li2SO4 (pH = 6.5) allows 99\% efficiency to be exhibited at 1.6 V cell potential with low self-discharge, while in BeSO4 (pH = 2.1) efficiency is low (81\%). Li2SO4 performs better due to high di-hydrogen over-potential at the negative electrode and related pH increase in AC porosity. When stainless steel current collectors are used in Li2SO4, the cell resistance suddenly increases after 12 hours floating at 1.6 V. due to corrosion of the positive collector. With nickel negative and stainless steel positive collectors, the electrode potentials are shifted by -105 mV at cell potential of 1.6 V, allowing stable cell parameters (capacitance, resistance) and reduction of corrosion productsformation on positive steel collector after 120 hours floating. Phenanthrenequinone was grafted on activated carbon to get an additional faradaic contribution in buffer solutions (pH = 4.0 or 7.2). The three-electrode cell CVs show that the redox peaks of the phenanthrenequinone graft shift toward negative values when pH increases from 4 to 7.2. The grafted carbon displays a capacitance value of 194 F g(-1) at pH = 4.0 as compared to 82 F g(-1) for the as-received carbon. (C) The Author(s) 2015. Published by ECS. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (CC BY, http://creativecommons.org/Licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse of the work in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. All rights reserved.
Added by: Laurent Cournède