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Castaing, R., Moreau, P., Reynier, Y., Schleich, D., Larbi, S. J. S., Guyomard, D. & Dupre, N. (2015) NMR quantitative analysis of solid electrolyte interphase on aged Li-ion battery electrodes. Electrochim. Acta, 155 391–395. 
Added by: Laurent Cournède (2016-03-10 18:36:42)
Type de référence: Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2014.12.049
Numéro d'identification (ISBN etc.): 0013-4686
Clé BibTeX: Castaing2015
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Catégories: ST2E
Mots-clés: aging mechanisms, capacity, cells, electrode/electrolyte interphase, Interface, Li-ion battery, LiF, LiFePO4, lithium, MAS NMR, NMR, Parasitic reactions, performance, Surface, temperature
Créateurs: Castaing, Dupre, Guyomard, Larbi, Moreau, Reynier, Schleich
Collection: Electrochim. Acta
Consultations : 9/472
Indice de consultation : 3%
Indice de popularité : 0.75%
Résumé     
The surface chemistry of aged Li4Ti5O12 and LiFePO4 electrodes that have been cycled in a full cell configuration are examined using nuclear magnetic resonance. The failure mechanism of such cells has been previously identified to be an electrode capacity slippage process caused by the loss of charge carriers: electrons or lithium ions. The electrode-electrolyte interphase is quantitatively analyzed after cycling thanks to a calibration of NMR spectra. LiF is detected at both electrodes: about 1.2 mu mol mg(-1) at the Li4Ti5O12-based electrode and about 0.35 mu mol mg(-1) at the LiFePO4-based electrode, and it is the main component amongst lithiated species. By comparison with gravimetric studies, LiF cannot be the only component of the interphase. From a correlation between the amount of detected LiF and the electrode capacity slippage of the battery, different reaction paths are proposed at each electrode, involving either moisture-driven catalysis or reductive process that consumes a quantity of charge from the electrode. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Added by: Laurent Cournède  
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