Ghamrawi, S., Gastebois, A., Zykwinska, A., Vandeputte, P., Marot, A., Mabilleau, G., Cuenot, S. & Bouchara, J.-P. (2015) A Multifaceted Study of Scedosporium boydii Cell Wall Changes during Germination and Identification of GPI-Anchored Proteins. PLoS One, 10 e0128680.
Added by: Laurent Cournède (2016-03-10 18:36:41)
|Type de référence: Article
Numéro d'identification (ISBN etc.): 1932-6203
Clé BibTeX: Ghamrawi2015
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Mots-clés: 8-cysteine-containing cfem domain, apiospermum infection, aspergillus-fumigatus conidia, cystic-fibrosis, human fungal pathogen, plasma-membrane, proteomic analysis, pseudallescheria-boydii, saccharomyces-cerevisiae, schizosaccharomyces-pombe
Créateurs: Bouchara, Cuenot, Gastebois, Ghamrawi, Mabilleau, Marot, Vandeputte, Zykwinska
Collection: PLoS One
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Scedosporium boydii is a pathogenic filamentous fungus that causes a wide range of human infections, notably respiratory infections in patients with cystic fibrosis. The development of new therapeutic strategies targeting Scedosporium boydii necessitates a better understanding of the physiology of this fungus and the identification of new molecular targets. In this work, we studied the conidium-to-germ tube transition using a variety of techniques including scanning and transmission electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, two-phase partitioning, micro-electrophoresis and cationized ferritin labeling, chemical force spectroscopy, lectin labeling, and nanoLC-MS/MS for cell wall GPI-anchored protein analysis. We demonstrated that the cell wall undergoes structural changes with germination accompanied with a lower hydrophobicity, electrostatic charge and binding capacity to cationized ferritin. Changes during germination also included a higher accessibility of some cell wall polysaccharides to lectins and less CH3/CH3 interactions (hydrophobic adhesion forces mainly due to glycoproteins). We also extracted and identified 20 GPI-anchored proteins from the cell wall of S. boydii, among which one was detected only in the conidial wall extract and 12 only in the mycelial wall extract. The identified sequences belonged to protein families involved in virulence in other fungi like Gelp/Gasp, Crhp, Bglp/Bgtp families and a superoxide dismutase. These results highlighted the cell wall remodeling during germination in S. boydii with the identification of a substantial number of cell wall GPI-anchored conidial or hyphal specific proteins, which provides a basis to investigate the role of these molecules in the host-pathogen interaction and fungal virulence.
Added by: Laurent Cournède