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Traboulsi, A., Vandenborre, J., Blain, G., Humbert, B., Haddad, F. & Fattahi, M. (2015) Radiolytic corrosion of uranium dioxide induced by He2+ localized irradiation of water: Role of the produced H2O2 distance. J. Nucl. Mater. 467 832–839. 
Added by: Laurent Cournède (2016-03-10 18:36:40)
Type de référence: Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.10.061
Numéro d'identification (ISBN etc.): 0022-3115
Clé BibTeX: Traboulsi2015
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Catégories: PMN
Mots-clés: alpha-radiolysis, Chemical yields, dissolution, hydrogen-peroxide, In situ dosimetry, Localized water radiolysis, nuclear-fuel uo2, oxidation, Raman spectroscopy, raman-spectra, Soluble uranium, UO2 radiolytic corrosion, waste-disposal conditions
Créateurs: Blain, Fattahi, Haddad, Humbert, Traboulsi, Vandenborre
Collection: J. Nucl. Mater.
Consultations : 4/498
Indice de consultation : 1%
Indice de popularité : 0.25%
Résumé     
The short-range (few mm in water) of the alpha-emitting from the spent fuel involves that the radiolytic corrosion of this kind of sample occurs at the solid/solution interface. In order to establish the role of localization of H2O2 species produced by the He2+ particle beam in water from the surface, we perform UO2 radiolytic corrosion experiment with different distance between H2O2 production area and UO2 surface. Then, in this work, the radiolytic corrosion of UO2 particles by oxidative species produced by He-4(2+) radiolysis of water was investigated in open to air atmosphere. The dose rate, the localization of H2O2 produced by water radiolysis and the grain boundaries present on the surface of the particles were investigated. UO2 corrosion was investigated by in situ (during irradiation) characterization of the solid surface, analysis of H2O2 produced by water radiolysis and quantification of the uranium species released into the solution during irradiation. Characterization of the UO2 particles, surface and volume, was realized by Raman spectroscopy. UV-vis spectrophotometry was used to monitor H2O2 produced by water radiolysis and in parallel the soluble uranium species released into the solution were quantified by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. During the He2+ irradiation of ultra-pure water in contact with the UO2 particles, metastudtite phase was formed on the solid surface indicating an oxidation process of the particles by the oxidative species produced by water radiolysis. This oxidation occurred essentially on the grain boundaries and was accompanied by migration of soluble uranium species (U(VI)) into the irradiated solution. Closer to the surface the localization of H2O2 formation, higher the UO2 oxidation process occurs, whereas the dose rate had no effect on it. Simultaneously, closer to the surface the localization of H2O2 formation lower the H2O2 concentration measured in solution. Moreover, the metastudtite was the only secondary phase formed whatever the irradiation conditions. One hypothesis proposed in this work is the H2O2 may undergo a dismutation reaction leading to the formation of OH at the UO2 surface. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Added by: Laurent Cournède  
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