Bouts, N., Gaillard, M., Donero, L., El Mel, A. A., Gautron, E., Angleraud, B., Boulmer-Leborgne, C. & Tessier, P. Y. (2017) Growth control of carbon nanotubes using nanocomposite nickel/carbon thin films. Thin Solid Films, 630 38–47.
Added by: Richard Baschera (2020-01-22 16:00:37) Last edited by: Richard Baschera (2020-01-22 16:01:15)
|Type de référence: Article
Numéro d'identification (ISBN etc.): 0040-6090
Clé BibTeX: Bouts2017a
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|Catégories: IMN, PCM
Mots-clés: Carbon, chemical-vapor-deposition, coatings, composite films, Copper, copper/carbon nanocomposite, low-temperature growth, mechanical-properties, nanocomposites, nanotubes, Nickel, nickel incorporation, plasma, plasma, pulsed-laser deposition
Créateurs: Angleraud, Boulmer-Leborgne, Bouts, Donero, El Mel, Gaillard, Gautron, Tessier
Collection: Thin Solid Films
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Recent papers have demonstrated that the growth of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) by plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) was possible using nanocomposite nickel/carbon (nc-Ni/C) thin films as catalysts. In this study, the growth of CNTs by PECVD in H-2/C2H4 atmosphere was achieved using nc-Ni/C thin films deposited by a hybrid plasma process combining the sputtering of a nickel target and the deposition of hydrocarbon by PECVD using Ar/CH4 atmosphere. In order to identify the most favorable conditions to obtain dense CNTs arrays using nc-Ni/C thin films, the Ni content in the catalyst as well as the growth conditions of the CNTs were varied. Films containing 40, 55 and 65 at.% of Ni were selected for this study. The growth temperature of the CNTs was varied between 500 and 700 degrees C whereas the electrical power applied to the PECVD source was tuned from 30 to 50 W. Scanning electron microscopy and Raman spectroscopy were employed to probe the morphology and the structure of the CNT's. Depending on the chemical composition of the nc-Ni/C thin films, different trends were observed. No CNTswere obtained neither for the highest nickel content (i.e. % Ni= 65 at.%) nor for the lowest growth temperature (i.e. 500 degrees C). On the other hand, for temperatures exceeding 500 degrees C, while a high power on the PECVD source (i. e. 50W) was found to be necessary to obtain CNTs in the case of films with a moderate Ni content (i. e. % Ni= 55 at.%), a lower power (i. e. 30 W) was sufficient for the film with the lowest Ni content (i. e. % Ni = 40 at.%). This difference in behavior was attributed to the differences in microstructure of nc-Ni/C thin films which is directly related to their chemical composition. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.