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Anothumakkool, B., Wiemers-Meyer, S., Guyomard, D., Winter, M., Brousse, T. & Gaubicher, J. (2019) Cascade-Type Prelithiation Approach for Li-Ion Capacitors. Advanced Energy Materials, 9 1900078. 
Added by: Richard Baschera (2019-08-22 14:23:49)   Last edited by: Richard Baschera (2019-08-22 14:31:25)
Type de référence: Article
DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201900078
Clé BibTeX: Anothumakkool2019
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Créateurs: Anothumakkool, Brousse, Gaubicher, Guyomard, Wiemers-Meyer, Winter
Collection: Advanced Energy Materials
Consultations : 4/394
Indice de consultation : 5%
Indice de popularité : 1.25%
An industry-relevant method for pre-lithiation of lithium-ion capacitors to balance the first charge irreversibility is demonstrated, which addresses the prime bottleneck for their market integration. Based on a composite positive electrode that integrates pyrene monomers and an insoluble lithiated base, Li3PO4, a "cascade-type" process involving two consecutive irreversible reactions is proposed: i) oxidative electropolymerization of the pyrene moieties releases electrons and protons; ii) protons are captured by Li3PO4 and exchanged for a stoichiometric amount of Li+ into the electrolyte. (H-1, F-19, and P-31) NMR spectroscopy, operando X-ray diffraction, and Raman spectroscopy support this mechanism. By decoupling the irreversible source of lithium ions from electrons, the cascade-type pre-lithiation allows the simultaneous enhancement of the capacity of the positive electrode, thanks to p-doping of the resulting polymer. Remarkably, the proton scavenging properties of Li3PO4 also boost the polymerization process, which enables a 16% increase in capacity without detrimental effect on power properties and cyclability. Full cells integrating a cheap carbon black based negative electrode, show much-improved capacity of 17 mAh g(electrodes)(-1) (44 F g(electrodes)(-1), 3-4.4 V) and excellent stability over 2200 cycles at 1 A g(-1). Thanks to its versatile chemistry and flexibility this approach in principle can be applied to any kind of ion-battery.
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