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Ferrec, A., Keraudy, J. & Jouan, P.-Y. (2016) Mass spectrometry analyzes to highlight differences between short and long HiPIMS discharges. Appl. Surf. Sci. 390 497–505. 
Added by: Richard Baschera (2016-12-02 14:50:40)   Last edited by: Richard Baschera (2016-12-02 14:51:51)
Type de référence: Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2016.08.001
Numéro d'identification (ISBN etc.): 0169-4332
Clé BibTeX: Ferrec2016
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Catégories: PCM
Mots-clés: Chromium, dynamics, films, HiPIMS, impulse, ion flux, physical vapor-deposition, plasma, plasma diagnostic, power densities, pulsed-magnetron discharge, Rarefaction, reduction, Time-resolved mass spectrometry
Créateurs: Ferrec, Jouan, Keraudy
Collection: Appl. Surf. Sci.
Consultations : 12/525
Indice de consultation : 3%
Indice de popularité : 0.75%
Résumé     
This study investigates the understanding of the impact on the pulse width duration (30 and 100 mu s) regarding the plasma dynamic of an HiPIMS discharge by investigating time-resolved and time-integrated ion energy distribution functions. In order to establish an objective comparison, the cathode voltage and the mean power were kept constant at -600 V and 7 W cm(-2), respectively. Time average measurements revealed that for a pulse as long as 100 mu s, the ion flux at the substrate is mostly composed of argon ions (18% higher). Instead, for a lower pulse width of 30 mu s, the ions flux at the substrate seems to be dominated by chromium ions (up to 7%). Furthermore, the huge difference between these discharges resides in the lowest energy part of the IEDFs of singly charged chromium ions where the intensity is actually more important in short HiPIMS pulse. Our results reveal that long HiPiMS pulses are characterized by a longer rarefaction effect close to the chromium target vicinity as compared to shorter pulses. In order to explain these phenomena, time-resolved measurements were carried out and highlighted the fact that low energy ions cannot escape the cathode environment due to the applied high voltage acting as a low-energy ions trap. Current characteristics can be correlated to time-resolved ions fluxes measurements and support this explanation. These findings may help the community to find out that working with shorter pulses (t(oN) {<}= 100 mu s) can have an important benefit to improve the material properties of most common thin films, but also to enhance the adhesion of coatings on substrates by a metallic pre-treatment. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  
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