Sandu, I., Brousse, T., Schleich, D. M. & Danot, M. (2006) The chemical changes occurring upon cycling of a SnO2 negative electrode for lithium ion cell: In situ Mossbauer investigation. J. Solid State Chem. 179 476–485.
Added by: Florent Boucher (2016-05-12 13:21:38)
|Type de référence: Article
Numéro d'identification (ISBN etc.): 0022-4596
Clé BibTeX: Sandu2006
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Mots-clés: batteries, crystal-structure, in situ, li-sn, lithium ion, Mossbauer spectroscopy, negative electrode, oxide, phases, sn-119, system, tin dioxide
Créateurs: Brousse, Danot, Sandu, Schleich
Collection: J. Solid State Chem.
Consultations : 2/389
Indice de consultation : 2%
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Electrochemical reduction of a SnO2 electrode for a lithium ion cell is known to result in formation of (LiSn)-Sn-4.4 alloy+2Li(2)O. In order to determine to which extent such an electrode can be considered as reversible, we studied the electrochemical oxidation of a previously reduced SnO2 electrode, using in situ Sn-119 Mossbauer spectroscopy. Contrary to what could be expected, the first step does not consist in extraction of lithium from Li4.4Sn for beta-Sn to be obtained. In fact, simple lithium extraction proceeds only down to the Li1.4Sn composition. Further oxidation (second step) involves formation of unusual species (Sn(0) and oxygen-surrounded Sn(II), both probably in interaction with Li2O). Then (third step), red SnO-like Sn(II) species are formed, along with some Sn(IV). Especially during the second and third steps, the working electrode is far from thermodynamic equilibrium despite the low oxidation rate. This non-equilibrium behavior is probably related to the ultrafine particle size resulting from electrochemical grinding. (C) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Added by: Florent Boucher