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Gaboriau, F., Cartry, G., Peignon, M. C. & Cardinaud, C. (2006) Etching mechanisms of Si and SiO2 in fluorocarbon ICP plasmas: Analysis of the plasma by mass spectrometry, Langmuir probe and optical emission spectroscopy. J. Phys. D-Appl. Phys. 39 1830–1845. 
Added by: Florent Boucher (2016-05-12 13:21:37)
Type de référence: Article
DOI: 10.1088/0022-3727/39/9/019
Numéro d'identification (ISBN etc.): 0022-3727
Clé BibTeX: Gaboriau2006
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Catégories: PCM
Mots-clés: cyclotron-resonance plasma, dissociative ionization, electron-impact ionization, energy distribution function, gases cf4, high-density plasmas, inductively-coupled plasma, laser absorption-spectroscopy, microwave-discharge, silicon dioxide
Créateurs: Cardinaud, Cartry, Gaboriau, Peignon
Collection: J. Phys. D-Appl. Phys.
Consultations : 2/363
Indice de consultation : 2%
Indice de popularité : 0.5%
Résumé     
In this paper, we analyse, by the use of different plasma diagnostics, appearance potential mass spectrometry (APMS), optical emission spectroscopy (OES) and Langmuir probe measurements, a commercialized ICP source devoted to the etching of SiO2 using a Si mask. First, the influence of the gas composition (C2F6 mixed with H-2 or CH4) and the residence time (varying gas flow rate) on the etching rates and selectivity is studied to optimize the process. Second, in order to improve the understanding of the etching mechanisms, the plasma is characterized according to the previous discharge conditions. We point out the presence of plasma instability due to the electronegative character of the fluorocarbon gas used. To determine the ion flux (phi(i)) which is an essential parameter for oxide etching, Langmuir probe measurements have been associated with a plot of the bias power versus bias voltage (P-bias(E-i)). Absolute concentrations of CFx (x = 1-3), CH3 and CHF2 radicals have been determined by APMS and the atomic fluorine concentration has been sampled by OES using argon actinometry. The techniques employed for concentration determinations are largely discussed. Finally, we compare the evolutions of the etch rates and the evolutions of the different plasma species with experimental conditions.
Added by: Florent Boucher  
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