Marques Cervantes, T. N., Bento, D. C., Rodrigues Maia, E. C., Fernandes, R. V., Laureto, E., Moore, G. J., Louarn, G. & de Santana, H. (2014) The influence of different electrolytes on the electrical and optical properties of polymer films electrochemically synthesized from 3-alkylthiophenes. J. Mater. Sci.-Mater. Electron. 25 1703–1715.
Added by: Florent Boucher (2016-04-29 09:26:44)
|Type de référence: Article
Numéro d'identification (ISBN etc.): 0957-4522
Clé BibTeX: MarquesCervantes2014
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Mots-clés: cells, conducting polymers, conjugated polymers, field-effect transistors, impedance spectroscopy, performance, photovoltaic applications, poly(3-alkylthiophenes), polydiphenylamine copolymers, polythiophene
Créateurs: Bento, Fernandes, Laureto, Louarn, Marques Cervantes, Moore, Rodrigues Maia, de Santana
Collection: J. Mater. Sci.-Mater. Electron.
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In this study, we observed significant differences in the electrical and optical properties of polymer films electrochemically synthesized from two 3-alkylthiophene monomers on platinum wires in 0.100 mol L-1 LiClO4/acetonitrile (ACN) or Et4NBF4/ACN, when compared to the following homopolymer films: poly(3-methylthiophene) (P3MT), poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and poly(3-octylthiophene) (P3OT), prepared under the same conditions. Electrical impedance spectroscopy was used to assess the resistive and capacitive properties of the polymer films [P3MT and P3HT-CP3(MT-HT); P3MT and P3OT-CP3(MT-OT); P3HT and P3OT-CP3(HT-OT)] at overpotentials determined beforehand by Cyclic Voltammetry. The films synthesized in LiClO4/ACN with the lowest charge transfer resistance values were CP3(MT-HT) and CP3(MT-OT), and synthesized in Et4NBF4/ACN, CP3(HT-OT). In terms of their optical properties, the films synthesized in LiClO4/ACN exhibited hypsochromic shift of E (g) values and a drop in electron affinity values by comparison with homopolymer films and those synthesized in Et4NBF4/ACN. Based on Photoluminescence (PL) Spectroscopy it was possible to identify the contributions of the quinone and aromatic segments characteristic of homopolymers in the films synthesized in Et4NBF4/ACN. For the films synthesized in LiClO4/ACN, it was not possible to perform the same comparison because there was a discrepancy between the bands observed in the PL images of these materials and those of the homopolymers, suggesting the formation of not only blend structures but also copolymer films. Using Raman Spectroscopy it was possible to identify aromatic, radical cation and dication segments and verify the higher stabilization of radical cation and dication segments in resistive films. It was also possible to observe changes in the morphological structures of the films by comparison with the homopolymers, in addition to alterations due to changes in electrolyte during synthesis using scanning electron microscopy.
Added by: Florent Boucher