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Dupre, N., Martin, J.-F., Degryse, J., Fernandez, V., Soudan, P. & Guyomard, D. (2010) Aging of the LiFePO4 positive electrode interface in electrolyte. J. Power Sources, 195 7415–7425. 
Added by: Laurent Cournède (2016-03-10 21:37:31)
Type de référence: Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.05.042
Numéro d'identification (ISBN etc.): 0378-7753
Clé BibTeX: Dupre2010
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Catégories: ST2E
Mots-clés: Aging, Cathode, cathode materials, Electrochemical performance, graphite, Li-ion batteries, LiFePO4, Lithium batteries, MAS NMR, Sol-gel, Surface, thin-films, xps analysis
Créateurs: Degryse, Dupre, Fernandez, Guyomard, Martin, Soudan
Collection: J. Power Sources
Consultations : 7/764
Indice de consultation : 3%
Indice de popularité : 0.75%
Résumé     
The evolution of lithium-containing species on the surface of grains of 500 nm LiFePO4 and 100 nm carbon-coated LiFePO4 materials during the aging process in LiPF6 electrolyte has been followed using coupled Li-7 MAS NMR, EIS (Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy) and XPS for materials synthesized with and without carbon coating. LiFePO4 undergoes surface reactivity upon immersion in classical LiPF6 electrolyte, although its open circuit voltage (similar to 3.2V) lies in the thermodynamical stability voltage range. The evolution of the NMR signal shows that the reaction of formation of the interphase is very slow as no evidence of passivation could be found even after 1 month of contact with the electrolyte. Li-7 MAS NMR combined with XPS indicates that carbon coating has a strong protective role towards formation of surface species on the material and hinders iron dissolution at elevated temperature. Coupled NMR, EIS and XPS experiments showed that the surface of the material grains is not covered by an homogenous layer. Increasing the storage temperature from 25 degrees C to 55 degrees C promotes the formation of organic species on the surface, most probably covering inorganic species such as LiF, LixPFy and LiPOyFz. No evidence of the formation of a resistive film is deduced from the evolution of EIS measurements. The interphase growth can accelerate the degradation of the electrochemical performance, leading to a loss of electrical contact within the electrode. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Added by: Laurent Cournède  
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