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Orlandi, P., Biagioni, C., Moelo, Y., Bonaccorsi, E. & Paar, W. H. (2013) LEAD-ANTIMONY SULFOSALTS FROM TUSCANY (ITALY). XIII. PROTOCHABOURNEITE, similar to TI2Pb(Sb9-8As1-2)(Sigma 10)S-17, FROM THE MONTE ARSICCIO MINE: OCCURRENCE, CRYSTAL STRUCTURE AND RELATIONSHIP WITH CHABOURNEITE. Can. Mineral. 51 475–494. 
Added by: Laurent Cournède (2016-03-10 21:23:30)
Type de référence: Article
DOI: 10.3749/canmin.51.3.475
Numéro d'identification (ISBN etc.): 0008-4476
Clé BibTeX: Orlandi2013a
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Catégories: MIOPS
Mots-clés: antimony, Apuan Alps, arsenic, as)(22)(as-as)s-56, chabourneite series, crystal structure, cu(ag, cu)(3)pb-19(sb, della-vena mine, homologous series, Italy, lead, Monte Arsiccio mine, new mineral species, oxy-chloro-sulfosalt, parasterryite, protochabourneite, refinement, sb)(21-x)s-34, sns, sulfosalt, thallium, thallium sulfosalt, tl5-xpb2x(as, tuscany
Créateurs: Biagioni, Bonaccorsi, Moelo, Orlandi, Paar
Collection: Can. Mineral.
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Résumé     
The new mineral species protochabourneite, similar to Tl2Pb(Sb9-8As1-2)(Sigma 10)S-17, has been discovered in the barite + pyrite + iron oxide ore deposit exploited at the Monte Arsiccio mine, near Sant'Anna di Stazzema (Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy). It occurs as compact masses associated with barite, boscardinite, calcite, cymrite, dolomite, pyrite, realgar, routhierite, sphalerite, and stibnite. Protochabourneite is metallic black. Minimum and maximum reflectance data for COM wavelength are [k (urn): R-air (\%)]: 470: 36.4/39.5; 546: 34.2/36.7; 589: 33.0/35.4; 650: 31.2/33.4. Electron microprobe analyses collected from two different grains gave (wt.\%): Tl 16.81(27), Pb 10.65(17), Sb 41.75(17), As 6.59(4), S 23.43(11), total 99.24(36) and Tl-15.05(26), Pb 13.04(32), Sb 45.49(29), As 3.07(4), S 22.77(14), total 99.42(39). On the basis of Sigma Me = 13 apfu, the chemical formulae are Tli 89Pb1 18Sb7.90A82.03S16.83 and Tl174Pb1.45Sb5.51A50.97S16.75, respectively, in agreement with the general formula Tl2-x,Pb1+2x,(Sb10-x-yAsy)S-17 (x=0.10-0.24; y = 1-2). Protochabourneite is triclinic Pl, with a 8.150(2), b 8.716(2), c 21.579(4) angstrom, 85.18(1), 13 96.94(1), y 88.60(1), V1515.4(6) angstrom(3), and Z = 2. The main diffraction lines of the powder diagram, corresponding to multiple (hkl) indices, are (relative visual intensity): 3.608 (s), 2.824 (s), 2.790 (ms), 2.170 (vs). The crystal structure of protochabourneite has been solved by X-ray single-crystal studies on the basis of 3401 reflections with a final R1 = 0.044. It agrees with the general features of chabourneite, but with a primitive unit cell, without any visible superstructure. It presents mixed (T1,Pb), (Pb,Sb), and (Sb,As) sites, together with pure Ti, Pb, and Sb sites. The structure is composed of two kinds of layers. The first one, derived from the SnS archetype, is closely related to sartorite and parapierrotite, whereas the second one is derived from the PbS archetype. The high Sb:As atomic ratio of protochabourneite appears as the main factor precluding the 2a x 2c superstructure visible in chabourneite as well as in dalnegroite. Protochabourneite, like dalnegroite, belongs to the chabourneite homeotypic series.
Added by: Laurent Cournède  
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