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Moelo, Y., Pecorini, R., Ciriotti, M. E., Meisser, N., Caldes, M. T., Orlandi, P., Petit, P.-E., Martini, B. & Salvetti, A. (2013) Tubulite, similar to Ag2Pb22Sb20S53, a new Pb-Ag-Sb sulfosalt from Le Rivet quarry, Peyrebrune ore field (Tarn, France) and Bio, Borgofranco mines, Borgofranco d'Ivrea (Piedmont, Italy). Eur. J. Mineral. 25 1017–1030. 
Added by: Laurent Cournède (2016-03-10 21:23:29)
Type de référence: Article
DOI: 10.1127/0935-1221/2013/0025-2334
Numéro d'identification (ISBN etc.): 0935-1221
Clé BibTeX: Moelo2013
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Catégories: MIOPS
Mots-clés: as)(22)(as-as)s-56, Bio, Borgofranco, crystal, cu(ag, cu)(3)pb-19(sb, diffraction, electron-microscopy, France, Italy, Le Rivet, lead, microstructures, morphology, new mineral, owyheeite, parasterryite, Peyrebrune, refinement, silver, sterryite, sulfosalt, tubular morphology, tubulite
Créateurs: Caldes, Ciriotti, Martini, Meisser, Moelo, Orlandi, Pecorini, Petit, Salvetti
Collection: Eur. J. Mineral.
Consultations : 10/444
Indice de consultation : 2%
Indice de popularité : 0.5%
Résumé     
Tubulite, similar to Ag2Pb22Sb20S53, is a new Pb-Ag-Sb sulfosalt discovered at Le Rivet quarry, Peyrebrune ore field (Tarn, France) and Bio, Borgofranco mines, Borgofranco d'Ivrea (Piedmont, Italy). As indicated by the name, it forms very thin perfect micro-tubes, 100 to 600 mu m in length, 40 to 100 mu m in diameter, and only 1 to 2 mu m in thickness; a hair-like variety is also present at Bio. At Le Rivet, it is associated with galena, pyrite, pyrrhotite, arsenopyrite, stibnite, and various Sb sulfosalts of Pb, Ag and Cu, in a gangue of quartz, baryte and carbonates. At Bio, it is associated with galena, sphalerite, chalcopyrite, pyrite, marcasite, and various Sb sulfosalts of Pb, Ag and Cu, within the same type of gangue. Tubulite is metallic black; optical properties could not be observed under the microscope, due to the crystal morphology. Electron microprobe analysis gave (wt.\% - average of 8 anal.): Ag 2.7(2), Pb 46.6(9), Sb 26.1(8), S 17.8(5), Total 93.2(2.1). The low total is due to the thinness of the tube wall. According to crystallographic study (electron and X-ray diffraction), tubulite is monoclinic (space group Pc, P2/c or P2(1)/c) with unit-cell parameters a 4.132(2), b 43.1(2), c 27.4(1) angstrom, beta 93.2 degrees, V 4872(40) angstrom(3), with Z = 2. Weak reflections in the [010] electron diffraction pattern indicate a 2a superstructure. Main diffraction lines are [d (angstrom), (I)]: 3.99 (35), 3.69 (60), 3.36 (100), 3.28 (55), 2.99 (55), 2.912 (55), 2.063 (75). The unit cell of tubulite is very close to those of sterryite and parasterryite; like these sulfosalts, tubulite is probably an expanded derivative of owyheeite. Its peculiar tubular morphology is discussed within the general framework of crystals whose habit presents a circular symmetry. It is proposed that micro-tubes were initiated by capillary forces acting on very thin lamellar crystallites around gas bubbles or liquid droplets.
Added by: Laurent Cournède  
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