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El Mel, A.-A., Nakamura, R. & Bittencourt, C. (2015) The Kirkendall effect and nanoscience: hollow nanospheres and nanotubes. Beilstein J. Nanotechnol. 6 1348–1361. 
Added by: Laurent Cournède (2016-03-10 18:36:41)
Type de référence: Article
DOI: 10.3762/bjnano.6.139
Numéro d'identification (ISBN etc.): 2190-4286
Clé BibTeX: ElMel2015
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Catégories: PCM
Mots-clés: batteries, core/shell co/coo, diffusion, growth, hollow nanospheres, Kirkendall effect, metals, nanocrystals, nanoscale, nanostructures, nanotubes, Oxides, room-temperature, thermal-oxidation, zn nanoparticles
Créateurs: Bittencourt, El Mel, Nakamura
Collection: Beilstein J. Nanotechnol.
Consultations : 1/496
Indice de consultation : 3%
Indice de popularité : 0.75%
Hollow nanostructures are ranked among the top materials for applications in various modern technological areas including energy storage devices, catalyst, optics and sensors. The last years have witnessed increasing interest in the Kirkendall effect as a versatile route to fabricate hollow nanostructures with different shapes, compositions and functionalities. Although the conversion chemistry of nanostructures from solid to hollow has reached a very advanced maturity, there is still much to be discovered and learned on this effect. Here, the recent progress on the use of the Kirkendall effect to synthesize hollow nanospheres and nanotubes is reviewed with a special emphasis on the fundamental mechanisms occurring during such a conversion process. The discussion includes the oxidation of metal nanostructures (i.e., nanospheres and nanowires), which is an important process involving the Kirkendall effect. For nanospheres, the symmetrical and the asymmetrical mechanisms are both reviewed and compared on the basis of recent reports in the literature. For nanotubes, in addition to a summary of the conversion processes, the unusual effects observed in some particular cases (e.g., formation of segmented or bamboo-like nanotubes) are summarized and discussed. Finally, we conclude with a summary, where the prospective future direction of this research field is discussed.
Added by: Laurent Cournède  
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