Couturier, L., De Geuser, F. & Deschamps, A. (2021) A comparative study of Fe-Cr unmixing using differential scanning calorimetry and small-angle scattering. Materials Characterization, 173 110934.
Added by: Richard Baschera (2021-04-15 07:49:33) Last edited by: Richard Baschera (2021-04-15 07:50:37)
|Type de référence: Article
Numéro d'identification (ISBN etc.): 1044-5803
Clé BibTeX: Couturier2021
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Mots-clés: Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Fe-Cr unmixing, Small-angle scattering (SAS), Spinodal decomposition, stainless steel
Créateurs: Couturier, De Geuser, Deschamps
Collection: Materials Characterization
Consultations : 11/110
Indice de consultation : 3%
Indice de popularité : 0.75%
|Liens URLs https://www.scienc ... /S1044580321000644|
Fe-Cr unmixing in stainless steels is an issue of great importance in industry restricting the use of these materials at middle range temperatures (around 300 °C – 500 °C). The study of this phenomenon is difficult due to its very small scale (a few tenth to a few nanometers) and the fact that Fe and Cr have very similar crystallographic structures and atomic number. This imposes the use of very advanced (and expensive) characterization techniques requiring a strong expertise such as Atom Probe Tomography (APT) or Small Angle Scattering (SAS) of neutrons or X-rays. In contrast, this work shows that Fe-Cr unmixing can be characterized with high sensitivity using Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC). A methodology to measure the enthalpy and peak temperature of the reversion of the Cr composition fluctuations above the miscibility gap is presented. These characteristics measured on aged 15–5 PH stainless steel samples over a wide range of temperatures and times are compared with SAXS characterization of the Cr unmixing. Finally, phenomenological relationships are deduced between the enthalpy and peak temperature from DSC and amplitude and characteristic length of Cr composition fluctuations from SAXS.