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Araño, K., Mazouzi, D., Kerr, R., Lestriez, B., Le Bideau, J., Howlett, P. C., Dupre, N., Forsyth, M. & Guyomard, D. (2020) Editors' Choice-Understanding the Superior Cycling Performance of Si Anode in Highly Concentrated Phosphonium-Based Ionic Liquid Electrolyte. J. Electrochem. Soc. 167 120520. 
Added by: Richard Baschera (2020-11-17 13:20:20)   Last edited by: Richard Baschera (2020-11-17 13:41:32)
Type de référence: Article
DOI: 10.1149/1945-7111/abac84
Numéro d'identification (ISBN etc.): 1945-7111
Clé BibTeX: Arao2020
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Créateurs: Araño, Dupre, Forsyth, Guyomard, Howlett, Kerr, Le Bideau, Lestriez, Mazouzi
Collection: J. Electrochem. Soc.
Consultations : 14/330
Indice de consultation : 1%
Indice de popularité : 0.25%
Liens URLs     https://iopscience ... 9/1945-7111/abac84
Considerable effort has been devoted to improving the cyclability of silicon (Si) negative electrodes for lithium-ion batteries because it is a promising high specific capacity alternative to graphite. In this work, the electrochemical behaviour of Si in two ionic liquid (IL) electrolytes, triethyl(methyl)phosphonium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide (P1222FSI) andN-propyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium-FSI (C(3)mpyrFSI) with high and low lithium (Li) salt content is investigated at 50 degrees C. Results highlight that higher capacity and better cycling stability are achieved over 50 cycles with high salt concentration, the first time for a pyrrolidinium-based electrolyte in the area of Si negative electrodes. However, the Si cycling performance was far superior in the P1222FSI-based high salt content electrolyte compared to that of the C(3)mpyrFSI. To understand this unexpected result, diffusivity measurements of the IL-based electrolytes were performed using PFG-NMR, while their stability was probed using MAS-NMR and XPS after long-term cycling. A higher apparent transport number for Li ions in highly concentrated ILs, combined with a significantly lower extent of electrolyte degradation explains the superior cycle life of the highly concentrated phosphonium-based system. Si/concentrated P1222FSI-LiFSI/lithium nickel cobalt aluminum oxide (NCA) full cells with more than 3 mAh cm(-2)nominal capacity deliver a promising cycle life and good rate capability.
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