Malka, D., Hanna, O., Hauser, T., Hayne, S., Luski, S., Elias, Y., Attias, R., Brousse, T. & Aurbach, D. (2018) Improving the Capacity of Electrochemical Capacitor Electrode by Grafting 2-Aminoanthraquinone over Kynol Carbon Cloth Using Diazonium Chemistry. J. Electrochem. Soc. 165 A3342–A3349.
Added by: Richard Baschera (2018-12-20 08:24:17) Last edited by: Richard Baschera (2018-12-20 08:32:37)
|Type de référence: Article
Numéro d'identification (ISBN etc.): 0013-4651
Clé BibTeX: Malka2018
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|Catégories: INTERNATIONAL, ST2E
Mots-clés: behavior, black, dioxide, powder, Stability, supercapacitors
Créateurs: Attias, Aurbach, Brousse, Elias, Hanna, Hauser, Hayne, Luski, Malka
Collection: J. Electrochem. Soc.
Consultations : 14/360
Indice de consultation : 3%
Indice de popularité : 0.75%
Electrochemical capacitors, also called supercapacitors, are high power devices that exhibit moderate energy density. One interesting strategy to improve this latter parameter is the use of additional redox reactions that can enhance the double layer capacity of carbon electrodes while maintaining high rate capability. Diazonium chemistry is a powerful tool for synthesizing carbonaceous materials with active redox sites over the surface. Grafting of 2-aminoanthraquinone on Kynol active carbon fibers was successfully achieved by reduction of the corresponding diazoquinone. The diazotization reactions were fast and efficient, and the attachment of the quinone groups resulted in a 2.5-fold increase in capacity of the modified carbonaceous material -65 vs. 25 mAh/g for the unmodified carbon cloth. This significant increase in capacity reflects the contribution of the redox reaction of the grafted quinone molecules. Nitrogen gas adsorption measurements showed that the attachment of anthraquinone molecules significantly reduced the specific surface area of the carbon, mainly affecting the micro-porosity of the carbon powder. The electrochemical performance of the modified carbon electrodes was assessed by prolonged cycling experiments, during which capacity fading was observed. The modified carbon electrodes clearly showed very high cycling ability compared to other grafted carbons reported in the literature. (C) 2018 The Electrochemical Society.