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Pradon, A., Caldes, M. T., Petit, P. E., La Fontaine, C., Elkaim, E., Tessier, C., Ouvrard, G. & Dumont, E. (2018) Revisiting the relevance of using a constant voltage step to improve electrochemical performances of Li-rich lamellar oxides. Journal of Power Sources, 380 158–163. 
Added by: Richard Baschera (2018-04-13 14:08:54)   Last edited by: Richard Baschera (2021-03-05 16:09:02)
Type de référence: Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.12.084
Clé BibTeX: Pradon2018
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Catégories: IMN, MIOPS, ST2E
Créateurs: Caldes, Dumont, Elkaim, La Fontaine, Ouvrard, Petit, Pradon, Tessier
Collection: Journal of Power Sources
Consultations : 11/582
Indice de consultation : 5%
Indice de popularité : 1.25%
Résumé     
A Li-rich lamellar oxide was cycled at high potential and the relevance of using a constant voltage step (CVS) at the end of the charge, needed for industrial application, was investigated by electrochemical performance, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). Electrochemical studies at 4.7 and 4.5 V with and without CVS showed that capacity and voltage fading occurred mostly when cells operated at high potential. After cycling, 3D-type defects involving transition metals trapped in lithium layer were observed by HRTEM into the electrode bulk. These defects are responsible for the voltage fading. XRD microstrain parameter was used to evaluate defects rate in aged materials subjected to a CVS, showing more 3D-type defects when cycled at 4.7 V than at 4.5 V. The time spent at high potential at the end of the charge as well as the value of the upper potential limit, are both relevant parameters to voltage decay. The use of a CVS at the end of the charge needs at the same time, a reduced upper potential window in order to minimize 3D-type defects occurrence. Unfortunately, this approach is still not sufficient to prevent voltage fading.
  
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