Morizet, Y., Paris, M., Sifre, D., Di Carlo, I. & Gaillard, F. (2017) The effect of Mg concentration in silicate glasses on CO2 solubility and solution mechanism: Implication for natural magmatic systems. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 198 115–130.
Added by: Richard Baschera (2017-02-02 14:10:19) Last edited by: Richard Baschera (2017-02-06 15:35:50)
|Type de référence: Article
Numéro d'identification (ISBN etc.): 0016-7037
Clé BibTeX: Morizet2017
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Mots-clés: 3qmas nmr, al-27 mas nmr, bridging o atoms, carbon-dioxide, CO2 solubility in low silica melt, local-structure, Melt Ionic Field Strength, molecular-orbital calculations, network-modifying cations, o-17 nmr, O-17 NMR spectroscopy, sodium aluminosilicate glasses, solid-state NMR
Créateurs: Di Carlo, Gaillard, Morizet, Paris, Sifre
Collection: Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta
Consultations : 3/619
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Following an experimental approach conducted between 0.5 and 1.5 GPa, we investigated the change in CO2 solubility as a function of the XMg (MgO/(MgO + CaO)) for a range of silicate glasses. The synthesised CO2-bearing glasses have XMg up to 0.72, stoichiometric NBO/T (degree of polymerization) up to 2.6 corresponding to highly depolymerized compositions analogues to kimberlites. Several samples were synthesised with O-17 enrichment to investigate the CO2 dissolution mechanism via the change in O species environments by NMR spectroscopy. The experimental results show that CO2 solubility increases with NBO/T in agreement with previous works. In addition, increasing XMg strongly decreases CO2 solubility: from 18 to 7 wt.% CO2 as XMg ranges from 0 to 0.6 (1.5 GPa and NBO/T similar to 2). O-17 NMR results demonstrate that CO2 molecules dissolve as CO32- groups showing a signal at + 146 ppm for which the intensity is linearly correlated to the wt.% CO2 determined by Raman. The analysis of the oxygen environments as a function of CO2 content for Mg O-NBO (+62 ppm) and Ca O-NBO (+103 ppm) show that CO2 dissolves preferentially in the vicinity of Ca2+ atoms. The difference in CO2 solubility is explained by the ability for Mg2+ cations to act as a weak network former and to be present in fourfold coordination or by the stronger affinity of CO2 molecules for Ca2+ rather than for Mg2+. We show that the CO2 solubility is negatively correlated to the Melt Ionic Field Strength which reflects the variation in the affinity of CO2 molecules for one cation or another. Strongly depolymerized mantle melts, such as kimberlites, melilitites, nephelinites and basanites will exhibit lower CO2 solubility than currently assumed due to their high MgO content which must imply degassing at greater depth, potentially in the sub-lithospheric mantle. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.