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El Jouad, Z., Barkat, L., Stephant, N., Cattin, L., Hamzaoui, N., Khelil, A., Ghamnia, M., Addou, M., Morsli, M., Bechu, S., Cabanetos, C., Richard-Plouet, M., Blanchard, P. & Bernede, J. C. (2016) Ca/Alq(3) hybrid cathode buffer layer for the optimization of organic solar cells based on a planar heterojunction. J. Phys. Chem. Solids, 98 128–135. 
Added by: Richard Baschera (2016-10-18 08:36:24)   Last edited by: Richard Baschera (2016-10-18 09:41:41)
Type de référence: Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpcs.2016.06.014
Numéro d'identification (ISBN etc.): 0022-3697
Clé BibTeX: ElJouad2016a
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Mots-clés: Calcium layer, cathode buffer layer, copolymers, efficiency, exciton-blocking layer, Hybrid buffer layer, Interface, Inverted organic solar cells, ito, performance, photovoltaic cells, polymer, Stability, Water
Créateurs: Addou, Barkat, Bechu, Bernede, Blanchard, Cabanetos, Cattin, El Jouad, Ghamnia, Hamzaoui, Khelil, Morsli, Richard-Plouet, Stephant
Collection: J. Phys. Chem. Solids
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Use of efficient anode cathode buffer layer (CBL) is crucial to improve the efficiency of organic photovoltaic cells. Here we show that using a double CBL, Ca/Alq(3), allows improving significantly cell performances. The insertion of Ca layer facilitates electron harvesting and blocks hole collection, leading to improved charge selectivity and reduced leakage current, whereas Alga blocks excitons. After optimisation of this Ca/Alq(3) CBL using CuPc as electron donor, it is shown that it is also efficient when SubPc is substituted to CuPc in the cells. In that case we show that the morphology of the SubPc layer, and therefore the efficiency of the cells, strongly depends on the deposition rate of the SubPc film. It is necessary to deposit slowly (0.02 nm/s) the SubPc films because at higher deposition rate (0.06 nm/s) the films are porous, which induces leakage currents and deterioration of the cell performances. The SubPc layers whose formations are kinetically driven at low deposition rates are more uniform, whereas those deposited faster exhibit high densities of pinholes. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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