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Zhang, J. T., Tancret, F. & Bouler, J. M. (2011) Fabrication and mechanical properties of calcium phosphate cements (CPC) for bone substitution. Mater. Sci. Eng. C-Mater. Biol. Appl. 31 740–747. 
Added by: Richard Baschera (2016-08-29 14:28:59)   Last edited by: Richard Baschera (2016-08-29 14:43:25)
Type de référence: Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.msec.2010.10.014
Numéro d'identification (ISBN etc.): 0928-4931
Clé BibTeX: Zhang2011
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Catégories: HORSIMN
Mots-clés: apatite cement, biocompatibility, biomaterials, Bone substitute, Calcium phosphate cement, CaP, Ceramics, composite, fracture properties, Fracture stress, Hydroxyapatite, porosity, repair, setting reaction, tricalcium phosphate
Créateurs: Bouler, Tancret, Zhang
Collection: Mater. Sci. Eng. C-Mater. Biol. Appl.
Consultations : 11/453
Indice de consultation : 3%
Indice de popularité : 0.75%
Calcium phosphate cements have been used in medical and dental applications for many years. However, their low strength and their high brittleness prohibit their use in many stress-bearing locations, which would require an improvement in mechanical properties. The influence of microstructural parameters on the latter has nevertheless barely been investigated in a systematic manner. To this aim, apatite cements have been fabricated through alpha-TCP (alpha-tricalcium phosphate) hydrolysis, and their mechanical properties have been measured (Young's modulus, fracture toughness and compressive strength), as a function of various parameters (particle size, liquid-to-powder ratio, amount and morphology of porosity, including macropores created by mannitol particles used as porogen). Five days following the mixing of phases, identification and microstructural observation indicated the presence of unreacted alpha-TCP particles, exhibiting very weak links with the apatite matrix and often surrounded by microcracks. The latter provoke a decrease in Young's modulus. The coarser the microstructure, the larger the critical flaw size causing fracture. In the case of macroporous materials, the critical flaw size increases with macroporosity. The knowledge gained should allow, in the end, to improve mechanical properties by controlling the microstructure, and to find a better compromise between strength and biological behaviour. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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