De Girolamo, J., Reiss, P., Zagorska, M., DeBettignies, R., Bailly, S., Mevellec, J.-Y., Lefrant, S., Travers, J.-P. & Pron, A. (2008) Layer-by-layer assembled composite films of side-functionalized poly(3-hexylthiophene) and CdSe nanocrystals: electrochemical, spectroelectrochemical and photovoltaic properties. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 10 4027–4035.
Added by: Laurent Cournède (2016-03-10 21:58:43)
|Type de référence: Article
Numéro d'identification (ISBN etc.): 1463-9076
Clé BibTeX: DeGirolamo2008
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Mots-clés: conjugated polymer, effect mobility, field-effect transistors, hybrid solar-cells, molecular-weight, morphology, nanoparticles, recognition, regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene), transport
Créateurs: Bailly, De Girolamo, DeBettignies, Lefrant, Mevellec, Pron, Reiss, Travers, Zagorska
Collection: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.
Consultations : 14/951
Indice de consultation : 1%
Indice de popularité : 0.25%
Regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene) containing one diaminopyrimidine side group per ten repeat units (P3HT-co-P3(ODAP) HT) can form molecular composites with 1-(6-mercaptohexyl) thymine capped CdSe nanocrystals (CdSe(MHT)) via hydrogen bonds directed molecular recognition. Here we report complementary spectroscopic, electrochemical and spectroelectrochemical investigations of both the functionalized poly(thiophene) and its composite with the nanocrystals, the latter being fabricated using the layer-by-layer (LbL) deposition technique. UV-Vis-NIR and Raman spectroelectrochemical investigations unequivocally show that the onset of the first anodic peak in the cyclic voltammogram of the copolymer can be attributed to the oxidation of the pi-conjugated backbone in the polymer chains. For this reason, it is possible to determine the width and the position of its band gap (corresponding to the pi-pi* transition) by UV-Vis spectroscopy combined with cyclic voltammetry. These studies show that the polymer exhibits a slightly larger band gap with the HOMO level insignificantly lower in energy (by 0.03 eV) as compared to the case of regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene) of comparable degree of polymerization. Hydrogen bond interactions of the polymer with CdSe(MHT) in the molecular composite result in a hypsochromic shift of the band corresponding to the pi-pi* transition from 504 nm to 488 nm. This can be taken as a spectroscopic manifestation of the conformational changes induced by shortening of the conjugation length. The observed spectral modi. cations are consistent with electrochemically determined lowering of the polymer HOMO level (from -4.91 eV in the pure polymer to -4.99 eV in the composite). Cyclic voltammetry studies supported by spectroelectrochemistry also show that the redox stability of CdSe(MHT) in the molecular composite with P3HT-co-P3(ODAP) HT is lower than that determined for stearate-capped nanocrystals. Their irreversible oxidation starts at E = + 0.7 V vs. Ag/0.1 M Ag(+) i.e. at potentials by ca. 0.3 V lower than the oxidation of stearate stabilized CdSe nanocrystals of the same size. We show that-despite these modi. cations-the alignment of the HOMO and LUMO levels of the composite components remains appropriate for its use in hybrid solar cells, which is demonstrated by the photovoltaic effect observed for the LbL-processed composite sandwiched between two electrodes.
Added by: Laurent Cournède