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Morizet, Y., Paris, M., Gaillard, F. & Scaillet, B. (2010) C-O-H fluid solubility in haplobasalt under reducing conditions: An experimental study. Chem. Geol. 279 1–16. 
Added by: Laurent Cournède (2016-03-10 21:37:31)
Type de référence: Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2010.09.011
Numéro d'identification (ISBN etc.): 0009-2541
Clé BibTeX: Morizet2010
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Catégories: IMN
Mots-clés: aluminosilicate glasses, andesitic glasses, atmospheric oxygen, c-13 mas nmr, c-13 nmr, carbon-dioxide, CO2 speciation, CO2-H2O solubility, dissolution mechanisms, Oxygen fugacity, Silicate melt, silicate melts, solid-state NMR, temperature-dependence
Créateurs: Gaillard, Morizet, Paris, Scaillet
Collection: Chem. Geol.
Consultations : 7/388
Indice de consultation : 2%
Indice de popularité : 0.5%
Résumé     
We conducted an experimental study to constrain the C-H-O solubility and speciation in hydrous silicate melts equilibrated under reduced fO(2) conditions. Haplobasaltic glasses in the NCMAS-C-O-H system were synthesized using IHPV at 1250 degrees C, 200-300 MPa with variable applied fH(2) so as to vary fO(2). Recovered rapidly quenched glasses were characterized using various spectroscopic methods: Micro-FTIR. Raman and C-13-MAS NMR. Glass CO2 content changes from 680 to 1320 ppm between Delta FMQ -2.6 and Delta FMQ + 2.6 independently of H2O content changing from 1.3 to 4.0 wt.\%. Recent thermodynamic modeling of isobaric CO2-H2O solubility fails to reproduce our CO2-H2O solubility trend under reducing conditions. The lower CO2 solubility in the melt as compared to more oxidized conditions is directly correlated to the decrease of fCO(2) within the fluid phase under reducing conditions. Carbonate groups (CO32-), OH- and H2Omol are the volatile species in the glasses. No evidence for CH4, carbides or organic compounds was observed. C-13-MAS NMR analysis suggests that several carbonate units are coexisting in the glasses. \{H-1\} C-13-CPMAS NMR suggests that all CO32- units are surrounded by OH groups. Those environments appear to slightly change with changing fO(2) conditions suggesting a different degree of hydrogenation in the vicinity of the carbonate groups. Our data show that the presence of a significant amount of dissolved does not increase the solubility of species such as CO or CH4. In other words, such species remain insoluble in basaltic melts, as established under dry conditions. Altogether, our CO2 solubility results show that a wet but reduced basalt will degass more C-species than if oxidized, owing to the lower prevailing fCO(2) and insoluble character of CO. The presence of an important fraction of CO in the fluid phase will have a large impact on the primitive atmospheric compositions of Mars and the Earth. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Added by: Laurent Cournède  
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